Industries in India | Geography UPSC IAS

Cotton Textile Industry in India

Most important industry in terms of employment and production of export goods. In Maharashtra (Mumbai, Sholapur, Pune, Kolhapur, Satara, Wardha, Hajipur), Gujarat (Ahmedabad, Vododara, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar), Tamil Nadu (Coimbatore-Manchester of South India). Tamil Nadu has the largest number of cotton textile mills in India.

Silk Textile Industry in India
The location of silk industry is governed by two factors- prevalence of sericulture practices and availability of skilled labour. Karnataka is the leading producer, followed by West Bengal, Bihar, etc.

Woolen Textile Industries
In Punjab (Dhariwai, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ferozpur), Maharashtra (Mumbai), UP (Kanpur, Mirzapur, Agra, Tanakpur), etc.

Jute Industries India
India manufactures the largest quantity of jute goods in the world. Mainly located in West Bengal, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, UP, MP.

Iron and Steel Industries
Located near the sources of raw materials and fuel (coal). In Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Durgapur, Burnpur (W.B.), Bhadrawati (Karnataka), Bokaro (Jharkhand), Rourkela (Orissa), Bhilai (Chhatisgarh), Salem (T.N.), Vishakhapatnam (A.P.).

Aluminium Smelting in India
Located mainly near the sources of raw materials, means of transport and cheap electricity. In Hirakud, Koraput (Orissa), Renukoot (UP), Korba (MP), Ratnagiri (Maharashtra), Mettur (TN), Alwaye

Copper Smelting Industry
In Khetri, Alwar, Jhunjhunu (Rajasthan), Singhbhum (Jharkhand), Agnigundala (A.P.).

Heavy Machinery Industry
In Ranchi, Vishakapatnam, Durgapur, Tiruchirapalli, Mumbai, Kami.

Machine Tools Industry
It forms the basis for the manufacturing of industrial, defence equipments, automobiles, railway engines and electrical machinery.
In Bangalore, Pinjore (Haryana), Kalamassery (Kerala), Hyderabad, Secunderabad, Srinagar, Ajmer.

Heavy Electrical Equipments
Power generation equipments. In Bhopal, Tiruchirapalli, Jammu, Ramchandrapuram (Hyderabad), Hardwar, Bangalore and Jogdishpur (UP).

Railway Equipments
Locomotives in Indian Railways: In Chittaranjan (WB), Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Bhopal. Coaches: Perambur (TN), Kapurthala (Punjab), also at Bangalore and Kolkata.

Ship Building India
Hindustan Shipyard at Vishakhapatnam, Cochin Shipyard, Mumuai (Mazgaon Dock) and Kolkata (Garden Reach Workshop). For Indian Navy, only at Mazgaon.


INDIAN TOWNS ASSOCIATED WITH INDUSTRIES

TownStateIndustries
AhmedabadGujaratCotton Textiles
AgraU.PLeather, Marble, Carpet
AligarhU.PLocks, Cutlery
AnkleshwarGujaratOil Fields
AmbernathMaharashtraMachine Tools
AmritsarPunjabWoolen Clothes
AnandGujaratMilk and its Products
AlwayeKeralaFertilizer, Monazite Factory
AmbalaHaryanaScientific Instruments
BokaroJharkhandSteel Plant
BangaloreKarnatakaTelephones, Aircrafts, Motors, Cotton Textiles, Toys
BatanagarWest BengalShoes
BareillyU.PResin Industries, Match Factory
BhilaiChhattisgarhSteel Plant
BarauniBiharChemical Fertilizer
BurnpurWest BengalSteel Plant
BhurkundaJharkhandGlass Industries
BhagalpurBiharSilk industries
BhandaraMaharashtraExplosives
BhadravatiKarnatakaIron & Steel
BongaigaonAssamPetroleum
BhadoiU.PCarpets
ChurkM PCement
CyberabadAndhra PradeshElectronics, Computers, Information technology
ChitranjanWest BengalLocomotive
KolkataWest BengalJute, Leather, Electric goods
CochinKeralaShip building, coconut oil, rubber
CalicutKeralaCoffee, coconut
CoimbatoreTamil NaduCotton industries
DhariwalPunjabWoolen clothes
DurgapurWest BengalSteel
DigboiAssamPetroleum
DelhiDelhiTextiles, Electronics, D.D.T
DalmianagarBiharCement
DarjeelingW. BengalTea
DindigulTamil NaduCigar, Tobacco
FrozabadM.PBangle works
GunturAndhra PradeshCotton industries
GwaliorMadhya PradeshPottery, Tobacco
GomiaJharkhandExplosives
HardwarUttarakhandHeavy electricals
HatiaJharkhandHeavy Engineering Corporation
HaldiaW. BengalChemical fertilizer
HaziraGujaratArtificial Rayon
JamshedpurJharkhandIron & Steel, Locomotives, Railway coaches
JallundhurPunjabSurgical goods and sports articles
JaipurRajasthanCloth Printing, Brass
JhariaJharkhandCoal mines
JabalpurMadhya PradeshBidi industry
JainakotJammu & KashmirH.M.T watch
JaplaJharkhandCement
KanpurU.PCotton and Woollen mills, Leather, Sugar
KatniM.PCement
KorbaChattisgarhAluminium factory, Thermal plant
KoynaMaharashtraAluminium factory
KoyaliGujaratPetrochemical industries
KolarKarnatakaGold mining centre
KotaRajasthanAtomic power plant
KanchipuramTamil NaduSilk clothes
KarnalHaryanaDairy product
KandlaGujaratChemical fertiliser, famous port
KhetriRajasthanCopper industries
LudhianaPunjabHosiery
LucknowU.PEmbroidery work, Chicken work
ChennaiTamil NaduLeather, cigarette, Integral coach factory
MaduraiTamil NaduCotton and Silk Weaving
MirzapurU.PCarpet, Pottery, Brass industries
MuradabadU PBrassware, cutlery
MathuraU.POil refinery
MysoreKarnatakaSandalwood oil, Silk goods
MeerutU.PPublication work, Sports goods, Scissors making
MumbaiMaharashtraCinema industries, Cotton textiles
ModinagarU.PNylon thread
MoorieJharkhandAluminium
MajhagaonMaharashtraShip building
NagpurMaharashtraCotton mills, Oranges
NepanagarMadhya PradeshNewsprint
NasikMaharashtraSecurity Printing Press
NeyveliTamil NaduLignite industries
NunamatiAssamOil refineries
NaroraU.PAtomic Power Plant
NangalPunjabFertilisers
PannaM.PDiamond mining
PinjoreHaryanaHindustan Machines Tools
PeramburTamil NaduIntegral coach factory
PimpriMaharashtraPenicillin factory
RaniganjW. BengalCoal mining
RourkelaOrissaSteel plant, Chemical fertiliser
Rana Pratap SagarRajasthanHydro Power Plant
RenukooteU.PAluminium Plant
RoopnarayanpurW. BengalCables
RishikeshUttarakhandAntibiotic Plant
SaharanpurU.PCigarette factory, News print
SindriJharkhandChemical fertilizers
SrinagarJammu & KashmirWoolen shawls, Silk, Woodwork
SuratGujaratCotton textiles, Diamond Cutting
SurajpurHaryanaCement factory
SuratgarhRajasthanAgriculture implements
SinghbhumJharkhandCopper, Iron
SingreniAndhra PradeshCool mining
SalemTamil NaduIron and Steel
SamastipurBiharJute, Paper, Tobacco, Sugar
TarapurMaharashtraAtomic Power Plant
TitagarhW. BengalPaper & Jute
ThiruvananthapuramKeralaCoir matting
TrombayMaharashtraOil refinery
TiruchirapalliTamil NaduCigar
TirupatiAndhra PradeshScooter
TanjoreTamil NaduSilk clothes
ThumbaKeralaRocket launching Station
VijaypurM.PFertilizers
ViiaynagarKarnatakaSteel Plant
VishakhapatnamA.PShip building, Iron and Steel, Oil refinery
VaranasiU.PRail Engines and Saari industries
WorliMaharashtraBaby food
ZainkotJ & KHMT Watches

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